Periodontal Treatment and Usual Care for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial

Yohei Kamata, Takaomi Kessoku, Tomoko Shimizu, Satsuki Sato, Takashi Kobayashi, Takeo Kurihashi, Toshiya Morozumi, Tomoyuki Iwasaki, Shogo Takashiba, Kazu Hatanaka, Nobushiro Hamada, Toshiro Kodama, Takuma Higurashi, Masataka Taguri, Masato Yoneda, Haruki Usuda, Koichiro Wada, Atsushi Nakajima, Masato Minabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We evaluated periodontal treatment efficacy in patients with NAFLD and periodontal disease. METHODS: This multicenter, 2-arm, randomized study recruited adult patients with NAFLD and periodontitis, alanine aminotransferase levels ≥40 U/L, and equivalent steatosis grade ≥1. Forty eligible patients (18 men and 22 women) were randomly assigned to 2 groups (scaling and root planning [SRP; n = 20] and tooth brushing [n = 20] groups) stratified by age and sex. The primary and secondary endpoints were changes in alanine aminotransferase levels and serum Porphyromonas gingivalis IgG antibody titers from baseline to 12 weeks, respectively. Efficacy analysis was performed using an intention-to-treat approach ( t test). This trial was registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN000022079). RESULTS: We observed a significantly higher decrease in absolute alanine aminotransferase levels and P. gingivalis IgG antibody titers in the SRP group than in the tooth brushing group (-12 vs 1 U/L; mean difference [δ], -12; 95% confidence interval [CI], -20 to -5; P = 0.002). The decrease in P. gingivalis IgG antibody titer was significantly higher in the SRP group than in the tooth brushing group (FDC381, -1.6 [2.5]; δ, -1.6; 95% CI, -2.7 to -0.4; P = 0.0092; SU63, -1.7 [2.0]; δ, -1.7; 95% CI, -2.7 to -0.7). No life-threatening events or treatment-related deaths occurred. DISCUSSION: Periodontal treatment induced significant short-term and mid-term reductions in liver enzyme levels and antibody titers. Further research is warranted to clearly define SRP efficacy and tolerability in patients with NAFLD and periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e00520
JournalClinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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