Pembrolizumab plus pemetrexed-platinum significantly improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) with manageable safety compared with placebo plus pemetrexed-platinum in patients with previously untreated metastatic nonsquamous non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR/ALK alterations in the global, randomized, double-blind, phase 3 KEYNOTE-189 study. We present results of Japanese patients enrolled in the KEYNOTE-189 global and Japan extension studies. Patients were randomized 2:1 to intravenous pembrolizumab 200 mg or placebo every 3 weeks (Q3W) for up to 35 cycles. All patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 plus the investigator’s choice of cisplatin or carboplatin Q3W for four cycles, followed by maintenance pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 Q3W (all intravenous). Co–primary endpoints were OS and PFS. Forty Japanese patients enrolled (pembrolizumab, n = 25; placebo, n = 15). At data cutoff (20 May 2019; median time from randomization to data cutoff, 18.5 [range, 14.7‒38.2] months), the median OS was not reached in the pembrolizumab plus pemetrexed-platinum arm; the median OS was 25.9 (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.9‒29.0) months in the placebo plus pemetrexed-platinum arm (hazard ratio [HR].29; 95% CI,.07‒1.15). The median (95% CI) PFS was 16.5 (8.8‒21.1) compared with 7.1 (4.7‒21.4) months (HR,.62; 95% CI,.27‒1.42), respectively. There were no grade 5 adverse events (AE). Grade 3/4 AE occurred in 72% vs 60% of patients in the pembrolizumab vs placebo arms; 40% vs 20% had immune-mediated AE, and 4% vs 0% had infusion reactions. Efficacy and safety outcomes were similar to those from the global study and support first-line therapy with pembrolizumab plus pemetrexed-platinum in Japanese patients with nonsquamous NSCLC without EGFR/ALK alterations.
- PD-L1 protein
- non–small-cell lung carcinoma
- treatment outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research