Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes

Osamu Okano, Mitsunobu Tatsumoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Isotopic compositions of Nd, Sr, and Pb in xenoliths in the Honolulu volcanic series from the Salt Lake Crater (H-type) are similar to those of the host post-erosional basalts, but are distinct from the magma sources of Koolau shield tholeiites and MORB. In contrast, one spinel lherzolite (K-type) has isotopic compositions of Nd and Sr that are close to those of Koolau tholeiite rather than to the other Hawaiian basalts. Previous studies have shown that Sr isotopic composition of the xenoliths and the host basalt and that trace element concentrations in minerals of garnet lherzolites from Honolulu basalt were nearly in equilibrium with the host magma, indicating that Honolulu volcanics were derived from garnet lherzolite or similar material. However, differences exist among the isotopic compositions (especially Nd) of the xenoliths indicating that they are accidental inclusions from upper layers. The similarity in isotopic compositions between xenoliths and Honolulu basalt suggests that the source areas in the mantle are chemically similar. Correlation of 238U/204Pb vs. 206Pb/206Pb of chrome diop-side separated from the H-type spinel lherzolites indicates that the xenoliths are 80 ± 36 Ma, which corresponds to the lithosphere age of the Hawaiian site. This age is consistent with petrological studies [e.g.. Sen and Leeman, 1991] which have found that the spinel lherzolite inclusions are derived from the lithosphere wall rocks. The εNd = ~+8 of the H-xenoliths is slightly lower than that for the East Pacific Rise MORB indicating that the xenoliths are derived from a trace element depleted source similar to the MORB residue. If the garnet lherzolite xenoliths are derived from mixture of spinel lherzolite with intrusive pyroxenite, then the source of the pyroxenite contained little plume component. The one exceptional spinel lherzolite xenolith may be a residue of Koolau-like tholeiitic magma or may have been meta-somatized by Koolau volcanism in the deep lithosphere. Isotopic compositions of gabbro in Kaupulehu are similar to MORB, indicating its derivation from the oceanic crust. The Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of dunite are similar to those of Hualalai alkaline magma, consistent with the theory that the dunite is a cumulate from the Hualalai magma.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEarth Processes
Subtitle of host publicationReading the Isotopic Code, 1996
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
Pages135-147
Number of pages13
Volume95
ISBN (Electronic)9781118664230
ISBN (Print)9780875900773
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

Publication series

NameGeophysical Monograph Series
Volume95
ISSN (Print)0065-8448
ISSN (Electronic)2328-8779

Fingerprint

pedogenesis
lherzolite
isotopic composition
isotopes
isotope
basalt
spinel
magma
mid-ocean ridge basalt
lithosphere
garnets
dunite
garnet
pyroxenite
trace elements
volcanology
trace element
inclusions
gabbro
tholeiite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics

Cite this

Okano, O., & Tatsumoto, M. (1995). Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes. In Earth Processes: Reading the Isotopic Code, 1996 (Vol. 95, pp. 135-147). (Geophysical Monograph Series; Vol. 95). Blackwell Publishing Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1029/GM095p0135

Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes. / Okano, Osamu; Tatsumoto, Mitsunobu.

Earth Processes: Reading the Isotopic Code, 1996. Vol. 95 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 1995. p. 135-147 (Geophysical Monograph Series; Vol. 95).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Okano, O & Tatsumoto, M 1995, Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes. in Earth Processes: Reading the Isotopic Code, 1996. vol. 95, Geophysical Monograph Series, vol. 95, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, pp. 135-147. https://doi.org/10.1029/GM095p0135
Okano O, Tatsumoto M. Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes. In Earth Processes: Reading the Isotopic Code, 1996. Vol. 95. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 1995. p. 135-147. (Geophysical Monograph Series). https://doi.org/10.1029/GM095p0135
Okano, Osamu ; Tatsumoto, Mitsunobu. / Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes. Earth Processes: Reading the Isotopic Code, 1996. Vol. 95 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 1995. pp. 135-147 (Geophysical Monograph Series).
@inbook{e2cf9896432249ada40abc5ade133b38,
title = "Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes",
abstract = "Isotopic compositions of Nd, Sr, and Pb in xenoliths in the Honolulu volcanic series from the Salt Lake Crater (H-type) are similar to those of the host post-erosional basalts, but are distinct from the magma sources of Koolau shield tholeiites and MORB. In contrast, one spinel lherzolite (K-type) has isotopic compositions of Nd and Sr that are close to those of Koolau tholeiite rather than to the other Hawaiian basalts. Previous studies have shown that Sr isotopic composition of the xenoliths and the host basalt and that trace element concentrations in minerals of garnet lherzolites from Honolulu basalt were nearly in equilibrium with the host magma, indicating that Honolulu volcanics were derived from garnet lherzolite or similar material. However, differences exist among the isotopic compositions (especially Nd) of the xenoliths indicating that they are accidental inclusions from upper layers. The similarity in isotopic compositions between xenoliths and Honolulu basalt suggests that the source areas in the mantle are chemically similar. Correlation of 238U/204Pb vs. 206Pb/206Pb of chrome diop-side separated from the H-type spinel lherzolites indicates that the xenoliths are 80 ± 36 Ma, which corresponds to the lithosphere age of the Hawaiian site. This age is consistent with petrological studies [e.g.. Sen and Leeman, 1991] which have found that the spinel lherzolite inclusions are derived from the lithosphere wall rocks. The εNd = ~+8 of the H-xenoliths is slightly lower than that for the East Pacific Rise MORB indicating that the xenoliths are derived from a trace element depleted source similar to the MORB residue. If the garnet lherzolite xenoliths are derived from mixture of spinel lherzolite with intrusive pyroxenite, then the source of the pyroxenite contained little plume component. The one exceptional spinel lherzolite xenolith may be a residue of Koolau-like tholeiitic magma or may have been meta-somatized by Koolau volcanism in the deep lithosphere. Isotopic compositions of gabbro in Kaupulehu are similar to MORB, indicating its derivation from the oceanic crust. The Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of dunite are similar to those of Hualalai alkaline magma, consistent with the theory that the dunite is a cumulate from the Hualalai magma.",
author = "Osamu Okano and Mitsunobu Tatsumoto",
year = "1995",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1029/GM095p0135",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780875900773",
volume = "95",
series = "Geophysical Monograph Series",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
pages = "135--147",
booktitle = "Earth Processes",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Pedogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths from Hawaii inferred from Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes

AU - Okano, Osamu

AU - Tatsumoto, Mitsunobu

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - Isotopic compositions of Nd, Sr, and Pb in xenoliths in the Honolulu volcanic series from the Salt Lake Crater (H-type) are similar to those of the host post-erosional basalts, but are distinct from the magma sources of Koolau shield tholeiites and MORB. In contrast, one spinel lherzolite (K-type) has isotopic compositions of Nd and Sr that are close to those of Koolau tholeiite rather than to the other Hawaiian basalts. Previous studies have shown that Sr isotopic composition of the xenoliths and the host basalt and that trace element concentrations in minerals of garnet lherzolites from Honolulu basalt were nearly in equilibrium with the host magma, indicating that Honolulu volcanics were derived from garnet lherzolite or similar material. However, differences exist among the isotopic compositions (especially Nd) of the xenoliths indicating that they are accidental inclusions from upper layers. The similarity in isotopic compositions between xenoliths and Honolulu basalt suggests that the source areas in the mantle are chemically similar. Correlation of 238U/204Pb vs. 206Pb/206Pb of chrome diop-side separated from the H-type spinel lherzolites indicates that the xenoliths are 80 ± 36 Ma, which corresponds to the lithosphere age of the Hawaiian site. This age is consistent with petrological studies [e.g.. Sen and Leeman, 1991] which have found that the spinel lherzolite inclusions are derived from the lithosphere wall rocks. The εNd = ~+8 of the H-xenoliths is slightly lower than that for the East Pacific Rise MORB indicating that the xenoliths are derived from a trace element depleted source similar to the MORB residue. If the garnet lherzolite xenoliths are derived from mixture of spinel lherzolite with intrusive pyroxenite, then the source of the pyroxenite contained little plume component. The one exceptional spinel lherzolite xenolith may be a residue of Koolau-like tholeiitic magma or may have been meta-somatized by Koolau volcanism in the deep lithosphere. Isotopic compositions of gabbro in Kaupulehu are similar to MORB, indicating its derivation from the oceanic crust. The Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of dunite are similar to those of Hualalai alkaline magma, consistent with the theory that the dunite is a cumulate from the Hualalai magma.

AB - Isotopic compositions of Nd, Sr, and Pb in xenoliths in the Honolulu volcanic series from the Salt Lake Crater (H-type) are similar to those of the host post-erosional basalts, but are distinct from the magma sources of Koolau shield tholeiites and MORB. In contrast, one spinel lherzolite (K-type) has isotopic compositions of Nd and Sr that are close to those of Koolau tholeiite rather than to the other Hawaiian basalts. Previous studies have shown that Sr isotopic composition of the xenoliths and the host basalt and that trace element concentrations in minerals of garnet lherzolites from Honolulu basalt were nearly in equilibrium with the host magma, indicating that Honolulu volcanics were derived from garnet lherzolite or similar material. However, differences exist among the isotopic compositions (especially Nd) of the xenoliths indicating that they are accidental inclusions from upper layers. The similarity in isotopic compositions between xenoliths and Honolulu basalt suggests that the source areas in the mantle are chemically similar. Correlation of 238U/204Pb vs. 206Pb/206Pb of chrome diop-side separated from the H-type spinel lherzolites indicates that the xenoliths are 80 ± 36 Ma, which corresponds to the lithosphere age of the Hawaiian site. This age is consistent with petrological studies [e.g.. Sen and Leeman, 1991] which have found that the spinel lherzolite inclusions are derived from the lithosphere wall rocks. The εNd = ~+8 of the H-xenoliths is slightly lower than that for the East Pacific Rise MORB indicating that the xenoliths are derived from a trace element depleted source similar to the MORB residue. If the garnet lherzolite xenoliths are derived from mixture of spinel lherzolite with intrusive pyroxenite, then the source of the pyroxenite contained little plume component. The one exceptional spinel lherzolite xenolith may be a residue of Koolau-like tholeiitic magma or may have been meta-somatized by Koolau volcanism in the deep lithosphere. Isotopic compositions of gabbro in Kaupulehu are similar to MORB, indicating its derivation from the oceanic crust. The Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of dunite are similar to those of Hualalai alkaline magma, consistent with the theory that the dunite is a cumulate from the Hualalai magma.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84992257159&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84992257159&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/GM095p0135

DO - 10.1029/GM095p0135

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780875900773

VL - 95

T3 - Geophysical Monograph Series

SP - 135

EP - 147

BT - Earth Processes

PB - Blackwell Publishing Ltd

ER -