Pediatric perfusion in Japan: 2010 practice survey

H. Itoh, S. Sano, P. Pouard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)


We report here Japan's first pediatric perfusion survey. It covers practices from January 2007 through December 2009. Of the 70 congenital heart centers contacted, 53 (76%) completed the survey. They reported performing 3,379 pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedures in 2009, 3,408 in 2008, and 3,358 in 2007.Twenty-eight percent of all centers used CPB circuits with a priming volume between 151-200 ml. All centers used pre-bypass ultrafiltration and only 6% used retrograde autologous priming. A biomaterial-coated circuit was used by 78% of the centers, a roller pump as the arterial pump by 91%, vacuum-assisted venous drainage by 39%, dilutional ultrafiltration by 48%, and modified ultrafiltration at the end of the procedure by 30%. A regional oxygen saturation monitor was used by 69% of the centers and high flow (150-200 ml/kg/min) management with alpha-stat blood gas control was standard during moderate to normothermic CPBs. Crystalloid cardioplegia solution was used as myocardial protection by 56% of the centers, electronic recording of monitoring data by 51%. The centers performed 98 pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation procedures in 2007, 109 in 2008, and 119 in 2009; 58% of the centers used a centrifugal pump. This survey provides a description of the current practice in Japan. Future surveys will identify trends and rate of change in practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-77
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Congenital heart surgery
  • Pediatric
  • Perfusion
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Safety Research
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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