PCDDs/DFs emissions from crematories in Japan

Nobuo Takeda, Masaki Takaoka, Takeshi Fujiwara, Hisayuki Takeyama, Shoji Eguchi

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concentrations of PCDDs and PCDFs in emission gases from 10 crematories were measured. The relationship between PCDDs/DFs and several factors such as structure, equipment and operational state of the crematory is discussed. Furthermore, emission of PCDDs/DFs from all crematories in Japan is estimated. The following results are obtained: (1) total concentration of PCDDs/DFs was 2.2-290 ng/N m3, whose TEQ concentration was 0.0099-6.5 ng TEQ/N m3; (2) total concentration of PCDFs was higher than that of PCDDs; (3) T4CDFs was the highest in the homologue pattern and 2,3,7,8-T4CDF was the highest in the isomer pattern; (4) emission of PCDDs/DFs was the largest in the first 20 min of cremation; (5) concentration of PCDDs/DFs was related to the existence of a secondary combustion chamber and a dust collector, and the ratio of the numbers of main and secondary combustion chambers; (6) total emission of PCDDs/DFs from crematories in Japan was estimated to be 8.9 g TEQ/yr. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-586
Number of pages12
JournalChemosphere
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Combustion
  • Crematory
  • Emission gas
  • Gas sampling
  • PCDDs/DFs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Takeda, N., Takaoka, M., Fujiwara, T., Takeyama, H., & Eguchi, S. (2000). PCDDs/DFs emissions from crematories in Japan. Chemosphere, 40(6), 575-586. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00232-5