Patterning of ferroelectric β′-Gd2(MoO 4)3 crystal lines on the glass surface by transition metal atom heat processing

Ryo Nakajima, Tsuyoshi Honma, Yasuhiko Benino, Takayuki Komatsu

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Lines consisting of ferroelectric β′-Gd2(MoO 4)3 crystals are patterned on the surface of NiO (2 mol%)-doped 21.25Gd2O3·63.75MoO3· 15B2O3 glass by continuous wave (cw) Nd: YAG laser irradiations with a wavelength of λ = 1064 nm, where laser energies absorbed by Ni2+ ions are converted to the local heating of surrounding Ni2+ ions. The surface morphology of crystals in the patterned lines is clarified from confocal scanning laser microscope observations. β′-Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal lines patterned by laser irradiations with a power of 0.73 W and a scanning speed of 2.5 μm/s show a smooth surface with a bump (width: 9 μm, height: 3 μm), and it is suggested from polarized micro-Raman scattering spectra that β′ -Gd2(MoO4) 3 crystals might orient along the laser scanning direction. The present study demonstrates that the transition metal atom heat processing, i.e., a combination of cw Nd:YAG laser and Ni2+ ions, is a novel technique for spatially selected crystallization in rare-earth containing glasses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-587
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1346
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007


  • Crystal line
  • Laser-induced crystallization
  • Micro-Raman scattering spectrum
  • Rare-earth molybdate
  • Surface morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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