Pathogenic vibrios in the natural aquatic environment

Soumen Chakraborty, G. Balakrish Nair, Sumio Shinoda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, members belonging to the genus Vibrio of the family Vibrionaceae have acquired increasing importance because of the association of several of its members with human disease. The most feared of the Vibrio species is Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, a devastating disease of global significance. Other important vibrios of medical importance are V. parahemolyticus, V. vulnificus, V. mimicus, and to a lesser extent V. fluvialis, V. furnissii, V. hollisae, and V. damsela. Recent studies have also implicated V. alginolyticus and V. metschnikovii in human disease, although their complete significance has not yet been established. The virulence of all medically important vibrios is aided by a variety of traits that help breach human defences. In this review, we provide an overview of the environmental distribution of the pathogenic vibrios and the important virulence traits that enable them to cause disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-80
Number of pages18
JournalReviews on Environmental Health
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Hemolysin
  • Toxins
  • V. cholerae
  • V. mimicus
  • V. parahemolyticus
  • V. vulnificus
  • VBNC
  • Viable but non-culturable bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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