Patch-clamp study on a Ca2+-regulated K+ channel in the tonoplast of the brackish characeae lamprothamnium succinctum

Maki Katsuhara, Tetsuro Mimura, Masashi Tazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytoplasmic drops were prepared from internodal cells of the brackish Characeae Lamprothamnium succinctum. Applying the patch-clamp technique to single drops covered with tonoplast, we demonstrated the presence of Ca2+-regulated K+ channels in the tonoplast. In a cell-attached mode, the selectivity of such channels for K+ was about 50 times that for Na+. This channel showed a tendency to rectify in an outward direction. In the negative region of the pipette voltage, the conductance of this channel was 50 pS, while it was 100 pS in the positive voltage region. When the pipette voltage was increased above 50 mV, two conductance levels were found in the cell-attached mode as well as in the excised patch (cytoplasmic-side-out patch), which was obtained by pulling the patch pipette from the cytoplasmic drop under conditions of low levels of Ca2+. Using the excised patch, we controlled the level of Ca2+ on the cytoplasmic side of the channels. At a low level of Ca2+ (pCa=8) on the cytoplasmic side, the open frequency was very low and the opening time was short. An increase in Ca2+ on the cytoplasmic side (pCa = 5) increased both the frequency and the duration of opening. However, the conductance of the channels did not change. This regulation by Ca2+ of the K+ channels was reversible, that is, addition of EGTA on the cytoplasmic side inactivated the channels. The present study demonstrates a direct action of Ca2+ on the K+ channels. The physiological role of the K+ channel in the regulation of turgor in Lamprothamnium is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-555
Number of pages7
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume30
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Characeae
Lamprothamnium
Patch Clamp
K+ Channel
Tonoplast
tonoplast
potassium channels
Clamping devices
calcium
Electric potential
Patch
Conductance
Egtazic Acid
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Voltage
Cell
patch-clamp technique
cells
turgor
Selectivity

Keywords

  • Ca2+-regulated K+ channel
  • Lamprothamnium succinctum
  • Patch clamp
  • Turgor regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Ecology
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Patch-clamp study on a Ca2+-regulated K+ channel in the tonoplast of the brackish characeae lamprothamnium succinctum. / Katsuhara, Maki; Mimura, Tetsuro; Tazawa, Masashi.

In: Plant and Cell Physiology, Vol. 30, No. 4, 06.1989, p. 549-555.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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