Partitioning of photosynthates originating from bent shoots in the arching and high-rack culture systems of cut rose production

Shinji Kajihara, Junki Itou, Noritoshi Katsutani, Tanjuro Goto, Hideo Shimaji

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The arching and high-rack culture systems were developed and patented by Japanese rose growers. Both culture systems have bent canopies (lower bent shoots). In the arching culture system, shoots sprouting from the crown are harvested as cut flowers. However, the high-rack culture system also has a bent canopy originating from the mother stem (upper bent shoots) and flower stems sprout and is harvested at the top of each mother stem. Partitioning of photosynthates originating from bent shoots in arching and high-rack culture systems of rose production was investigated to elucidate how carbohydrates are re-allocated from the bent shoots in different culture systems of roses. At the flowering stage in both culture systems, 50-70% of 13C-photosynthates originated from bent shoots were exported to other parts within 72 h after 13CO2 feeding to the bent shoot. In the arching culture system, photosynthates from lower bent shoots were partitioned mainly to the roots and crown. Similarly, in the high-rack culture system, between 71 and 86% of the exported carbon from the bent shoots were allocated to below the point of bending (roots + crown + mother stems) and only 9-28% was allocated to flowering shoots above the point of bending. In both culture systems, photosynthate translocation from the lower bent shoot directly to flowers was low. Accordingly, bent shoots in rose plants acted as a source of photosynthates, independent of culture system. The height of the bent shoots determined for a great deal in the re-allocation of the photosynthates, and provides a partial explanation for difference in production of cut roses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-489
Number of pages5
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 4 2009



  • Carbohydrate
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Photosynthesis
  • Training method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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