Since humans are under ceaseless orthostatic stress, the mechanisms to maintain arterial pressure (AP) against gravitational fluid shift are important. As one mechanism, it was reported that upright tilt reset baroreflex control of renal sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) to a higher SNA in anesthetized rabbits. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that upright tilt causes a parallel resetting of baroreflex control of renal and cardiac SNAs in anesthetized rabbits. In anesthetized rabbits (n = 8, vagotomized and aortic denervated) with 0° supine and 60° upright tilt postures, renal and cardiac SNAs were simultaneously recorded while isolated intracarotid sinus pressure (CSP) was increased stepwise from 40 to 160 mmHg with increments of 20 mmHg. Upright tilt shifted the reverse-sigmoidal curve of the CSP-SNA relationship to higher SNA similarly in renal and cardiac SNAs. Although upright tilt increased the maximal gain, the response range and the minimum value of SNA, the curves were almost superimposable in these SNAs regardless of postures. Scatter plotting of cardiac SNA over renal SNA during the stepwise changes in CSP was close to the line of identity in 0° supine and 60° upright tilt postures. In addition, upright tilt also shifted the reverse-sigmoidal curve of the CSP-heart rate relationship to a higher heart rate, with increases in the maximal gain and the response range. In conclusion, upright posture caused a resetting of arterial baroreflex control of SNA similarly in renal and cardiac SNAs in anesthetized rabbits.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2010|
- Blood pressure
- Sympathetic nervous system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)