Background. We previously reported that modified extracellular-type trehalose-containing Kyoto (MK) solution, which contains a trypsin inhibitor (ulinastatin), significantly improved the islet yield compared with University of Wisconsin (UW) preservation, which is the gold standard for organ preservation for islet isolation. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of a modified histidine-lactobionate (MHL) solution in addition to UW or MK solution. The MHL solution has a high sodium-low potassium composition with low viscosity compared with the UW solution. Moreover, similar to MK solution, MHL solution also contains ulinastatin. Methods. Porcine pancreata were preserved in UW, MK, or MHL solution, followed by islet isolation. An optimized number (1500 IE) of isolated islets from each group were then transplanted into streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Results. The islet yield before and after purification was significantly higher in the MHL group than in the UW group. On the contrary, the islet yield before and after purification was not significantly different between the MHL and MK groups. Preserving the porcine pancreata in MHL solution improved the outcome of islet transplantation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice compared with that in UW solution. Conclusions. Pancreas preservation with MHL solution preserves islet function better than UW solution. The effect of MHL solution is similar to that of MK solution, suggesting that MHL solution can be used as an alternative to MK solution for pancreatic islet transplantation.
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