Paleomagnetism of Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous red beds from the Cardamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia: Tectonic deformation of the Indochina Peninsula

Yukiho Tsuchiyama, Haider Zaman, Sieng Sotham, Yos Samuth, Eiichi Sato, Hyeon Seon Ahn, Koji Uno, Kosuke Tsumura, Masako Miki, Yo ichiro Otofuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous red beds of the Phuquoc Formation were sampled at 33 sites from the Sihanoukville and Koah Kong areas of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin, southwestern Cambodia. Two high-temperature remanent components with unblocking temperature ranging 650°-670 °C and 670-690 °C were identified. The magnetization direction for the former component (D=5.2°, I=18.5° with α95=3.1° in situ) reveals a negative fold test that indicates a post-folding secondary nature. However, the latter component, carried by specular hematite, is recognized as a primary remanent magnetization. A tilt-corrected mean direction of D=43.4°, I=31.9° (α95=3.6°) was calculated for the primary component at 11 sites, corresponding to a paleopole of 47.7°N, 178.9°E (A95=3.6°). When compared with the 130 Ma East Asian pole, a southward displacement of 6.0°±3.5° and a clockwise rotation of 33.1°±4.0° of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin (as a part of the Indochina Block) with respect to East Asia were estimated. This estimate of the clockwise rotation is ~15° larger than that of the Khorat Basin, which we attribute to dextral motion along the Wang Chao Fault since the mid-Oligocene. The comparison of the herein estimated clockwise rotation with the counter-clockwise rotation reported from the Da Lat area in Vietnam suggests the occurrence of a differential tectonic rotation in the southern tip of the Indochina Block. During the southward displacement of the Indochina Block, the non-rigid lithosphere under its southern tip moved heterogeneously, while the rigid lithosphere under the Khorat Basin moved homogeneously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-288
Number of pages15
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume434
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2016

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Cambodia
paleomagnetism
red bed
peninsulas
Tectonics
mountains
beds
tectonics
Jurassic
Cretaceous
mountain
lithosphere
basin
counter rotation
Vietnam
tectonic rotation
Magnetization
magnetization
remanent magnetization
hematite

Keywords

  • Cambodia
  • Indochina Peninsula
  • Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous
  • Paleomagnetism
  • Tectonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Paleomagnetism of Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous red beds from the Cardamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia : Tectonic deformation of the Indochina Peninsula. / Tsuchiyama, Yukiho; Zaman, Haider; Sotham, Sieng; Samuth, Yos; Sato, Eiichi; Ahn, Hyeon Seon; Uno, Koji; Tsumura, Kosuke; Miki, Masako; Otofuji, Yo ichiro.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 434, 15.01.2016, p. 274-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsuchiyama, Yukiho ; Zaman, Haider ; Sotham, Sieng ; Samuth, Yos ; Sato, Eiichi ; Ahn, Hyeon Seon ; Uno, Koji ; Tsumura, Kosuke ; Miki, Masako ; Otofuji, Yo ichiro. / Paleomagnetism of Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous red beds from the Cardamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia : Tectonic deformation of the Indochina Peninsula. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 434. pp. 274-288.
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abstract = "Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous red beds of the Phuquoc Formation were sampled at 33 sites from the Sihanoukville and Koah Kong areas of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin, southwestern Cambodia. Two high-temperature remanent components with unblocking temperature ranging 650°-670 °C and 670-690 °C were identified. The magnetization direction for the former component (D=5.2°, I=18.5° with α95=3.1° in situ) reveals a negative fold test that indicates a post-folding secondary nature. However, the latter component, carried by specular hematite, is recognized as a primary remanent magnetization. A tilt-corrected mean direction of D=43.4°, I=31.9° (α95=3.6°) was calculated for the primary component at 11 sites, corresponding to a paleopole of 47.7°N, 178.9°E (A95=3.6°). When compared with the 130 Ma East Asian pole, a southward displacement of 6.0°±3.5° and a clockwise rotation of 33.1°±4.0° of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin (as a part of the Indochina Block) with respect to East Asia were estimated. This estimate of the clockwise rotation is ~15° larger than that of the Khorat Basin, which we attribute to dextral motion along the Wang Chao Fault since the mid-Oligocene. The comparison of the herein estimated clockwise rotation with the counter-clockwise rotation reported from the Da Lat area in Vietnam suggests the occurrence of a differential tectonic rotation in the southern tip of the Indochina Block. During the southward displacement of the Indochina Block, the non-rigid lithosphere under its southern tip moved heterogeneously, while the rigid lithosphere under the Khorat Basin moved homogeneously.",
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T2 - Tectonic deformation of the Indochina Peninsula

AU - Tsuchiyama, Yukiho

AU - Zaman, Haider

AU - Sotham, Sieng

AU - Samuth, Yos

AU - Sato, Eiichi

AU - Ahn, Hyeon Seon

AU - Uno, Koji

AU - Tsumura, Kosuke

AU - Miki, Masako

AU - Otofuji, Yo ichiro

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N2 - Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous red beds of the Phuquoc Formation were sampled at 33 sites from the Sihanoukville and Koah Kong areas of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin, southwestern Cambodia. Two high-temperature remanent components with unblocking temperature ranging 650°-670 °C and 670-690 °C were identified. The magnetization direction for the former component (D=5.2°, I=18.5° with α95=3.1° in situ) reveals a negative fold test that indicates a post-folding secondary nature. However, the latter component, carried by specular hematite, is recognized as a primary remanent magnetization. A tilt-corrected mean direction of D=43.4°, I=31.9° (α95=3.6°) was calculated for the primary component at 11 sites, corresponding to a paleopole of 47.7°N, 178.9°E (A95=3.6°). When compared with the 130 Ma East Asian pole, a southward displacement of 6.0°±3.5° and a clockwise rotation of 33.1°±4.0° of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin (as a part of the Indochina Block) with respect to East Asia were estimated. This estimate of the clockwise rotation is ~15° larger than that of the Khorat Basin, which we attribute to dextral motion along the Wang Chao Fault since the mid-Oligocene. The comparison of the herein estimated clockwise rotation with the counter-clockwise rotation reported from the Da Lat area in Vietnam suggests the occurrence of a differential tectonic rotation in the southern tip of the Indochina Block. During the southward displacement of the Indochina Block, the non-rigid lithosphere under its southern tip moved heterogeneously, while the rigid lithosphere under the Khorat Basin moved homogeneously.

AB - Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous red beds of the Phuquoc Formation were sampled at 33 sites from the Sihanoukville and Koah Kong areas of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin, southwestern Cambodia. Two high-temperature remanent components with unblocking temperature ranging 650°-670 °C and 670-690 °C were identified. The magnetization direction for the former component (D=5.2°, I=18.5° with α95=3.1° in situ) reveals a negative fold test that indicates a post-folding secondary nature. However, the latter component, carried by specular hematite, is recognized as a primary remanent magnetization. A tilt-corrected mean direction of D=43.4°, I=31.9° (α95=3.6°) was calculated for the primary component at 11 sites, corresponding to a paleopole of 47.7°N, 178.9°E (A95=3.6°). When compared with the 130 Ma East Asian pole, a southward displacement of 6.0°±3.5° and a clockwise rotation of 33.1°±4.0° of the Phuquoc-Kampot Som Basin (as a part of the Indochina Block) with respect to East Asia were estimated. This estimate of the clockwise rotation is ~15° larger than that of the Khorat Basin, which we attribute to dextral motion along the Wang Chao Fault since the mid-Oligocene. The comparison of the herein estimated clockwise rotation with the counter-clockwise rotation reported from the Da Lat area in Vietnam suggests the occurrence of a differential tectonic rotation in the southern tip of the Indochina Block. During the southward displacement of the Indochina Block, the non-rigid lithosphere under its southern tip moved heterogeneously, while the rigid lithosphere under the Khorat Basin moved homogeneously.

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KW - Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous

KW - Paleomagnetism

KW - Tectonics

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