To evaluate the validity of administration of paclitaxel and carboplatin with or without pirarubicin (THP-ADR) as first line chemotherapy in elderly patients with gynecologic cancer, we explored the efficacy and safety of these regimens. From October 1, 1998 to September 30, 2001, we administered paclitaxel and carboplatin with or without THP-ADR pursuant to the chart we prepared originally as first line chemotherapy in patients with gynecologic cancer. Eleven elderly patients (age > 70 years) and 62 younger patients (age <70 years) were entered into the present study. Paclitaxel was administered as a 3-hour intravenous (i.v.) infusion at dosages of 135 to 180 mg/m2 immediately followed by carboplatin over 60 minutes at dosages of area under the curve (AUC) 3 to 5, administered intravenously or intraperitoneally. We observed grade 3/4 anemia more frequently in elderly patients receiving the regimen including paclitaxel and carboplatin without THP-ADR (9% v.s. 47%, p <0.0001). Grade 3/4 anemia (10% v.s. 22%, p = 0.02) and grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia (7% v.s. 22%, p = 0.007), febrile neutropenia (14% v.s. 44%, p = 0.02) also occurred more frequently in elderly patients receiving the regimen including paclitaxel and carboplatin with THP-ADR. The overall response rates were equivalent among elderly and younger patients (69% and 78%), respectively. The regimen consisting of paclitaxel and carboplatin without THP-ADR was applied safely to elderly patients.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research