OY-TES-1 is a novel target that belongs to the family of 'cancer/testis' (CT) antigens. Our goal was to examine the expression and immunogenicity of OY-TES-1 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) to determine its potential as a target for vaccine therapy. OY-TES-1 expression was determined by one-step reverse transcriptase PCR on 100 EOC samples, 5 EOC cell lines, and a panel of normal tissues. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed on the same panel of EOC tissues. Sera from a sub-group of patients were tested for OY-TES-1 antibody by ELISA. Thymus and leukocytes were weakly positive for OY-TES-1 while the remaining 5 normal tissues were negative. Expression of OY-TES-1 by either RT-PCR and/or IHC was demonstrable in 69/100 (69%) tumors. Humoral immunity to OY-TES-1 was demonstrated in 1/10 (10%) serum samples from patients whose tumors expressed the antigen. The median follow-up of the patient population was 34 months. There was no correlation between antigen expression and stage, grade, histology and survival. OY-TES-1 is expressed in 69% of patients with EOC, is absent from normal ovarian tissue, and a proportion of patients show evidence of a specific humoral immune response. These findings make OY-TES-1 an attractive target for antigen-specific immunotherapy in EOC.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International journal of oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2006|
- Ovarian tumor antigen
- Prognostic indicator
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research