Oxidized low-density lipoprotein as a risk factor of thrombosis in antiphospholipid syndrome

E. Matsuura, K. Kobayashi, T. Koike, Y. Shoenfeld, M. A. Khamashta, G. R.V. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


β2-Glycoprotein I (β2-GPI) is a major antigen for anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL, Abs) present in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). We recently reported that oxidized LDL (oxLDL) is subsequently targeted by β2-GPI and anti-β2-GPI auto-Abs and that ω-carboxyl variants of 7-ketocholesteryl esters, such as 7-ketocholesteryl-9-carboxynonanoate (oxLig-1) and 7-ketocholesteryl-12-carboxy (keto) octadodecanoate (oxLig-2), are ligands for β2-GPI (J Lipid Res 2001; 42: 697; J Lipid Res 2002; 43: 1486). These β2-GPI ligands provide an electrostatic interaction between oxLDL and β2-GPI followed by forming stable complexes (such as Schiff base adducts). The ω-carboxyl function in these ligands is responsible for β2-GPI binding to oxLDL and the oxLDL-β2-GPI complexes are anti-β2-GPI auto-Ab-dependently taken up by macrophages (i.e., by phagocytosis). Our recent observations are consistent with the evidence that β2-GPI co-localizes with lymphocytes and mononuclear cells in human athero-plaques. Thus, autoimmune thrombogenesis (atherogenesis) is linked to interaction of anti-β2-GPI Abs with the β2-GPI-oxLDL complexes. We propose an alternative idea, that an immune response against the β2-GPI-oxLDL complexes may be involved in mechanisms in the development of atherosclerosis, which has been explained by the theory of 'the response to injury'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-554
Number of pages5
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • Antiphospholipid antibody
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Oxidized LDL
  • β2-glycoprotein I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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