Oxidative stress is reduced by the long-term use of vitamin E-coated dialysis filters

Minoru Satoh, Yasushi Yamasaki, Yoshio Nagake, Junko Kasahara, Masami Hashimoto, Norio Nakanishi, Hirofumi Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Oxidative stress during hemodialysis is thought to promote the progression of vascular complications in hemodialysis patients. The protective role of vitamin E as a lipophilic antioxidant against oxidative stress has been widely investigated. Here we investigated the effects of a vitamin E-coated regenerated cellulose hollow fiber dialyzer (CL-EE) on oxidative stress compared with a polysulfone hollow fiber (CL-PS). Methods. For at least three months before beginning the protocol, 10 nondiabetic (NDM) patients (70.0 ± 7.5 years; 6 males and 4 females) and 8 diabetic (DM) patients (65.0 ± 7.4 years; 4 males, 4 females) were dialyzed with CL-PS. After that, we treated all of the patients with CL-EE for six months. Malondialdehyde (MDA), advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were monitored as biomarkers for oxidative stress at the start and then at one, three, and six months into treatment with CL-EE. Results. Serum MDA, AGE, and 8-OHdG levels increased after the hemodialysis with CL-PS. The increase of the biomarkers was completely prevented by a single use of CL-EE. Long-term hemodialysis with CL-EE for six months significantly reduced the basal levels of the oxidant markers at one month for AGE and at six months for 8-OHdG in both DM and NDM patients. Serum MDA was reduced in only DM patients at three months. The improvement of the oxidative stress with CL-EE was more prominent in the DM patients. Conclusions. Long-term treatment with CL-EE efficiently improves the oxidative stress associated with hemodialysis and potentially reduces dialysis complications due to oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1943-1950
Number of pages8
JournalKidney International
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine
  • Advanced glycation end-products
  • Antioxidant
  • Diabetes mellutus
  • Malondialdehyde

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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