Oxidation of cholesterol catalyzed by amyloid β-peptide (Aβ)-Cu complex on lipid membrane

Noriko Yoshimoto, Makoto Tasaki, Toshinori Shimanouchi, Hiroshi Umakoshi, Ryoichi Kuboi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A catalytic reaction of H2O2 production by an amyloid β-peptide (Aβ)-Cu complex with cholesterol incorporated in a liposome was kinetically analyzed. The Michaelis-Menten model was applied to the H 2O2 production reaction using cholesterol as the substrate catalyzed by the Aβ-Cu complex. The Km value for the Aβ-Cu complex catalytic reaction with cholesterol-containing 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn- glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) liposomes (Km=0.436 μM for Aβ(1-40); Km=0.641 μM for Aβ(1-42)) was found to be smaller than that with cholesterol-containing 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine (DPPC) liposomes (Km=0.585 μM for Aβ(1-40), Km=0.890 μM for Aβ(1-42)). The results imply that membrane properties could play an important role in the interactions of the Aβ-Cu complex with cholesterol in these liposomes. Considering the physical states of the cholesterol/POPC (liquid disordered phase) and cholesterol/DPPC (liquid ordered phase) liposomes in the present reaction conditions, the data obtained suggests that the H2O2-generating activity of the Aβ-Cu complex, accompanied by oxidation of membrane-incorporated cholesterol, could be effected by the phase of the liposome membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-459
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amyloid β-peptide (Aβ)
  • Cholesterol
  • Liposome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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