Overexpression of SGLT2 in the kidney of a P. gingivalis LPS-induced diabetic nephropathy mouse model

Koichiro Kajiwara, Yoshihiko Sawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The overexpression of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) in diabetic kidneys has been reported. It has also been established that the diabetic glomerular endothelium expresses the toll-like receptors TLR2 and TLR4. The present study aims to examine the renal SGLT2 induction by the TLR2/4 ligand Porphyromonas (P.) gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (Pg-LPS) in mouse diabetic nephropathy. Methods: Immunohistochemical study and tissue RT-PCR analyses were performed on mouse kidneys in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic ICR mice (STZ-ICR), in healthy ICR mice administered Pg-LPS (LPS-ICR), and in diabetic ICR mouse kidneys with Pg-LPS-induced nephropathy (LPS-STZ). Results: In the quantitative analysis of blood sugar levels, the mean time to reach 600 mg/dl was shorter in the LPS-STZ than in the STZ-ICR kidneys. The rise in blood glucose levels was significantly steeper in the LPS-STZ than in the STZ-ICR kidneys. According to these data the LPS-STZ model suggests a marked glucose intolerance. The expression of SGLT2 was significantly stronger in the whole of the renal parenchyma of the LPS-STZ than in the LPS-ICR or in the STZ-ICR. The expression of SGLT2 was observed both in the renal tubules and around the renal tubules, and in the glomeruli of the LPS-STZ kidneys. In the analysis by tissue real-time PCR and cell ELISA, the expression of the SGLT2 gene and protein was significantly stronger in the LPS-STZ than in the LPS-ICR or in the STZ-ICR. There were no differences in the renal SGLT2 production in the LPS-ICR and the STZ-ICR kidneys. Conclusions: Abnormally high renal expression of SGLT2 occurs in diabetic kidneys with P. gingivalis LPS. Periodontitis may be an exacerbating factor in diabetic nephropathy as well as in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number287
JournalBMC nephrology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • LPS
  • P. gingivalis
  • SGLT2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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