To achieve large current capacity and mechanical flexibility, high-temperature superconductor (HTS) power transmission cables consist of a number of YBCO coated conductors, which are assembled and wound spirally on a Cu former. In practical applications, superconducting cables might be subjected to short-circuit fault currents that are 10 to 30 times the operating current. Therefore, in order to ensure the stability and feasibility of HTS power cables and protect them from fault currents, it is important to estimate the redistribution of the transport current and electromagnetic coupling among the conductor layer, shield layer, and Cu former. In this study, we carried out experiments on a 20-m-long YBCO model cable, which was composed of two jointed 10-m-long YBCO model cables. Over-current with a peak of 31.8 kArms and a duration of 2.02 s was applied to the model cable. We performed numerical simulations using a newly developed computer program based on the 3D finite element method (FEM) in order to clarify the electromagnetic and thermal behaviors of the YBCO model cable in the presence of an over-current.
- Fault current
- HTS power cable
- YBCO coated conductor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering