Outcomes of consonant-vowel monosyllable perception and word recognition after cochlear implantation in elderly Japanese patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conclusion: Performance in consonant-vowel (CV) monosyllable speech perception after cochlear implantation (CI) in the elderly (≥ 65 years) is equivalent to that of young adults (18-64 years). Present data in the Japanese language supported the indication for CI in the elderly. Word recognition after CI was significantly lower in the elderly than young adults. Objective: This study compared outcomes of monosyllable perception and word recognition after CI between elderly patients and young adults with post-lingual deafness. Age-related differences in CV monosyllable speech perception in Japanese were examined. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 137 patients with post-lingual deafness who underwent CI at Okayama University Hospital during 1992-2014 [young adults aged 18-64 years (n = 96) and elderly aged ≥ 65 years (n = 41) at implantation] was conducted. CV monosyllable speech perception post-CI was compared among age groups (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89). CV monosyllable perception and word recognition scores post-CI were compared between the elderly and young adults. Results: There was no significant difference in CV monosyllable speech perception among age groups. CV monosyllable speech perception in the elderly (61.4 ± 25.5%) did not differ from that of young adults (65.9 ± 24.8%). Word recognition scores were significantly lower in the elderly (64.3 ± 28.1%) than young adults (80.4 ± 25.9%) (p <0.05).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1108-1112
Number of pages5
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume135
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2 2015

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Cochlear Implantation
Speech Perception
Young Adult
Deafness
Tongue
Age Groups
Recognition (Psychology)
Language
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Aging
  • cochlear implant
  • consonant-vowel monosyllable perception
  • post-lingual deafness
  • word recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

@article{12e4e7f7c2be43baafa20d89d90547b1,
title = "Outcomes of consonant-vowel monosyllable perception and word recognition after cochlear implantation in elderly Japanese patients",
abstract = "Conclusion: Performance in consonant-vowel (CV) monosyllable speech perception after cochlear implantation (CI) in the elderly (≥ 65 years) is equivalent to that of young adults (18-64 years). Present data in the Japanese language supported the indication for CI in the elderly. Word recognition after CI was significantly lower in the elderly than young adults. Objective: This study compared outcomes of monosyllable perception and word recognition after CI between elderly patients and young adults with post-lingual deafness. Age-related differences in CV monosyllable speech perception in Japanese were examined. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 137 patients with post-lingual deafness who underwent CI at Okayama University Hospital during 1992-2014 [young adults aged 18-64 years (n = 96) and elderly aged ≥ 65 years (n = 41) at implantation] was conducted. CV monosyllable speech perception post-CI was compared among age groups (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89). CV monosyllable perception and word recognition scores post-CI were compared between the elderly and young adults. Results: There was no significant difference in CV monosyllable speech perception among age groups. CV monosyllable speech perception in the elderly (61.4 ± 25.5{\%}) did not differ from that of young adults (65.9 ± 24.8{\%}). Word recognition scores were significantly lower in the elderly (64.3 ± 28.1{\%}) than young adults (80.4 ± 25.9{\%}) (p <0.05).",
keywords = "Aging, cochlear implant, consonant-vowel monosyllable perception, post-lingual deafness, word recognition",
author = "Ryotaro Omichi and Yukihide Maeda and Akiko Sugaya and Yuko Kataoka and Shin Kariya and Kunihiro Fukushima and Kazunori Nishizaki",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3109/00016489.2015.1062547",
language = "English",
volume = "135",
pages = "1108--1112",
journal = "Acta Oto-Laryngologica",
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number = "11",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Outcomes of consonant-vowel monosyllable perception and word recognition after cochlear implantation in elderly Japanese patients

AU - Omichi, Ryotaro

AU - Maeda, Yukihide

AU - Sugaya, Akiko

AU - Kataoka, Yuko

AU - Kariya, Shin

AU - Fukushima, Kunihiro

AU - Nishizaki, Kazunori

PY - 2015/11/2

Y1 - 2015/11/2

N2 - Conclusion: Performance in consonant-vowel (CV) monosyllable speech perception after cochlear implantation (CI) in the elderly (≥ 65 years) is equivalent to that of young adults (18-64 years). Present data in the Japanese language supported the indication for CI in the elderly. Word recognition after CI was significantly lower in the elderly than young adults. Objective: This study compared outcomes of monosyllable perception and word recognition after CI between elderly patients and young adults with post-lingual deafness. Age-related differences in CV monosyllable speech perception in Japanese were examined. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 137 patients with post-lingual deafness who underwent CI at Okayama University Hospital during 1992-2014 [young adults aged 18-64 years (n = 96) and elderly aged ≥ 65 years (n = 41) at implantation] was conducted. CV monosyllable speech perception post-CI was compared among age groups (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89). CV monosyllable perception and word recognition scores post-CI were compared between the elderly and young adults. Results: There was no significant difference in CV monosyllable speech perception among age groups. CV monosyllable speech perception in the elderly (61.4 ± 25.5%) did not differ from that of young adults (65.9 ± 24.8%). Word recognition scores were significantly lower in the elderly (64.3 ± 28.1%) than young adults (80.4 ± 25.9%) (p <0.05).

AB - Conclusion: Performance in consonant-vowel (CV) monosyllable speech perception after cochlear implantation (CI) in the elderly (≥ 65 years) is equivalent to that of young adults (18-64 years). Present data in the Japanese language supported the indication for CI in the elderly. Word recognition after CI was significantly lower in the elderly than young adults. Objective: This study compared outcomes of monosyllable perception and word recognition after CI between elderly patients and young adults with post-lingual deafness. Age-related differences in CV monosyllable speech perception in Japanese were examined. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 137 patients with post-lingual deafness who underwent CI at Okayama University Hospital during 1992-2014 [young adults aged 18-64 years (n = 96) and elderly aged ≥ 65 years (n = 41) at implantation] was conducted. CV monosyllable speech perception post-CI was compared among age groups (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89). CV monosyllable perception and word recognition scores post-CI were compared between the elderly and young adults. Results: There was no significant difference in CV monosyllable speech perception among age groups. CV monosyllable speech perception in the elderly (61.4 ± 25.5%) did not differ from that of young adults (65.9 ± 24.8%). Word recognition scores were significantly lower in the elderly (64.3 ± 28.1%) than young adults (80.4 ± 25.9%) (p <0.05).

KW - Aging

KW - cochlear implant

KW - consonant-vowel monosyllable perception

KW - post-lingual deafness

KW - word recognition

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VL - 135

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JO - Acta Oto-Laryngologica

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