Outcome of conventional treatment for adult amblyopia

Fumiko Kishimoto, Chiaki Fujii, Yoshie Shira, Kayoko Hasebe, Ichiro Hamasaki, Hiroshi Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To ascertain whether conventional treatment can improve visual function in adults with amblyopia. Methods: Sixteen patients aged 21-67 years old were instructed to wear glasses for refractive correction and to patch the non-amblyopic eye for at least 1 h per day. Visual acuity, measured with crowded optotypes for distance and near acuity, was checked every 3 months, and followed for a mean (SD) of 14.1 (4.2) months. Prognostic factors related to the subsequent results, an improvement of 3 or more lines logMAR in distance visual acuity, were evaluated. Results: Of 16 patients, 5 (31 %) improved 3 or more lines of distance and 5 (31 %) in near acuity. The mean improvement in distance was 2.4 lines logMAR (95 % CI 1.4-3.5) and 2.4 lines logMAR for near acuity (95 % CI 1.5-3.3). Patients aged under 45 years (p = 0.0357) and with severe amblyopia (p = 0.0337), defined as a corrected distance visual acuity of worse than -0.699 logMAR, were associated with a good response. Conclusions: Conventional treatment may improve the visual acuity of amblyopic eyes even in adult patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Adult amblyopia
  • Neural plasticity
  • Optical correction
  • Patching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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