To date, there are no data focusing on outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms, unclassifiable (MDS/MPN-U). This study aimed to evaluate outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with MDS/MPN-U after allo-HSCT using Japanese nationwide registry data. The primary endpoint was 3-year overall survival (OS); secondary endpoints included the cumulative incidence of relapse and nonrelapse mortality (NRM). We evaluated the prognostic factors for 3-year OS by univariate analysis using the log-rank test. In our cohort of 86 patients with MDS/MPN-U, we found a 3-year OS of 48.5%, cumulative incidence of relapse of 23.7%, and NRM of 26.3%. The 3-year OS was significantly worse in patients age ≥50 years compared with those age <50 years (38.1% versus 65.0%; P = .049) and in patients with disease progression compared with those without disease progression (28.4% versus 57.2%; P = .042). Our results suggest that allo-HSCT may offer a curative option for patients with MDS/MPN-U, and that age and disease status could be important indicators in helping clinicians determine treatment options for these patients.
- Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms, unclassifiable
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