Osteocyte bioimaging

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Newly developed visualization methods often lead to breakthroughs in the bioscience field. In particular, the ability to reveal temporal-spatial responses in cells, while visualizing molecular events through bioimaging techniques is very important. One such event is the regulation of bone remodeling by osteocytes. It is thought that osteocyte processes sense the flow of interstitial fluid that is driven through the osteocyte canaliculi by mechanical stimuli caused in the bone. However, the precise mechanism by which the flow elicits a cellular response is still unknown. Highlight It is critical to obtain precise morphological and/or morphometrical data from osteocytes and their surrounding microenvironment. In this review, we describe our application of confocal laser scanning microscopy to visualize osteocyte morphology in the bone and the combination of ultra-high voltage electron microscopy (UHVEM) and computer simulation of fluid flow to reveal the mechanosensitivity of osteocytes in the bone. Conclusion The osteocyte network in the bone as well as the microstructure of osteocyte cell processes and the surrounding bone matrix were visualized. We found fluorescence to be useful for studying the osteocyte network morphology. Additionally, the combination of UHVEM and computer simulation is a powerful tool to study the fluid flow in osteocyte canaliculi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-64
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Oral Biosciences
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Fingerprint

Osteocytes
Bone
Electron microscopy
Flow of fluids
Bone and Bones
Computer Simulation
Computer simulation
Electric potential
Electron Microscopy
Microscopic examination
Visualization
Fluorescence
Bone Matrix
Bone Remodeling
Scanning
Extracellular Fluid
Microstructure
Fluids
Confocal Microscopy
Lasers

Keywords

  • 3D image-based model
  • Fluid flow simulation
  • Fluid shear stress
  • Osteocyte
  • Osteocyte canaliculus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Osteocyte bioimaging. / Kamioka, Hiroshi.

In: Journal of Oral Biosciences, Vol. 57, No. 2, 01.05.2015, p. 61-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kamioka, Hiroshi. / Osteocyte bioimaging. In: Journal of Oral Biosciences. 2015 ; Vol. 57, No. 2. pp. 61-64.
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