OsHKT2;2/1-mediated Na+ influx over K+ uptake in roots potentially increases toxic Na+ accumulation in a salt-tolerant landrace of rice Nona Bokra upon salinity stress

Kei Suzuki, Alex Costa, Hideki Nakayama, Maki Katsuhara, Atsuhiko Shinmyo, Tomoaki Horie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HKT transporters are Na+-permeable membrane proteins, which mediate Na+ and K+ homeostasis in K+-depleted and saline environments in plants. Class II HKT transporters, a distinct subgroup found predominantly in monocots, are known to mediate Na+-K+ co-transport in principle. Here we report features of ion transport functions of No-OsHKT2;2/1, a class II transporter identified in a salt tolerant landrace of indica rice, Nona Bokra. We profiled No-OsHKT2;2/1 expression in organs of Nona Bokra plants with or without salinity stress. Dominant accumulation of the No-OsHKT2;2/1 transcript in K+-starved roots of Nona Bokra plants largely disappeared in response to 50 mM NaCl. We found that No-OsHKT2;2/1 expressed in the high-affinity K+ uptake deficient mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Xenopus laevis oocytes shows robust K+ selectivity even in the presence of a large amount of NaCl as reported previously. However, No-OsHKT2;2/1-expressing yeast cells exhibited Na+ hypersensitive growth under various concentrations of K+ and Na+ as the cells expressing Po-OsHKT2;2, a similar class II transporter from another salt tolerant indica rice Pokkali, when compared with the growth of cells harboring empty vector or cells expressing OsHKT2;4. The OsHKT2;4 protein expressed in Xenopus oocytes showed strong K+ selectivity in the presence of 50 mM NaCl in comparison with No-OsHKT2;2/1 and Po-OsHKT2;2. Together with apparent plasma membrane-localization of No-OsHKT2;2/1, these results point to possibilities that No-OsHKT2;2/1 could mediate destructive Na+ influx over K+ uptake in Nona Bokra plants upon salinity stress, and that a predominant physiological function of No-OsHKT2;2/1 might be the acquisition of Na+ and K+ in K+-limited environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Plant Research
Volume129
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • HKT
  • K uptake
  • Na transport
  • Rice
  • Salt stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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