Origin of the slab component in arc lavas from across-arc variation of B and Pb isotopes

Tsuyoshi Ishikawa, Eizo Nakamura

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Abstract

At convergent margins, the subducting oceanic slab is thought to dehydrate, producing fluids which metasomatize the overlying mantle wedge where island-arc magma forms. However, the nature and origin of the metasomatizing fluid, its source composition and its relation to the genesis of the chemical characteristics of arc magmas are largely controversial. Across-arc variation in the chemistry of arc lavas provides a useful key to this problem, because it may reflect the changes in the physical conditions of the subducting slab that control mass transfer from slab to mantle wedge as a function of depth. Here we report clear across-arc variations in the concentrations and isotopic compositions of boronand lead observed in lavas from the Izu arc (Japan). Our data suggest that a homogeneous slab fluid contributes to all Izu volcan-oes, but that the amount of this fluid decreases continuously with increasing depth of the subducting slab. Whereas the Izu slab fluid conies primarily from altered oceanic crust, our data for high-Mg andesites from the Setouchi volcanic belt (a nearby fore-arc) indicate a significant involvement of sediment in the fluid source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-208
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume370
Issue number6486
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994

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