Origin of the mixed alkali effect in silicate glass

Yohei Onodera, Yasuyuki Takimoto, Hiroyuki Hijiya, Taketoshi Taniguchi, Shingo Urata, Seiji Inaba, Sanae Fujita, Ippei Obayashi, Yasuaki Hiraoka, Shinji Kohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: Silicate glasses have evolved from basic structural materials to enabling materials for advanced applications. In this article, we unravel the origin of the mixed alkali effect for alkali silicate 22.7R2O–77.3SiO2 glasses (R = Na and/or K) by identifying the variation in the alkali ion location around the non-bridging oxygen atoms. To do so, we constructed a state-of-the art structural model, which reproduces both diffraction and NMR data with a particular focus on the behavior of the alkali ions. A novel topological analysis using persistent homology found that sodium-potassium silicate glass shows a significant reduction in large cavities as a result of the mixed alkali effect. Furthermore, a highly correlated pair arrangement between sodium and potassium ions around non-bridging oxygen atoms was identified. The potassium ions can be trapped in K–O polyhedra due to the increased bridging oxygen coordination; therefore, the correlated pair arrangement is likely the intrinsic origin of the mixed alkali effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number75
JournalNPG Asia Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Origin of the mixed alkali effect in silicate glass'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this