The main features in iron pnictide superconductors are summarized as (i) the orthorhombic transition accompanied by a remarkable softening of the shear modulus, (ii) high-Tc superconductivity close to the orthorhombic phase, and (iii) stripe-type magnetic order induced by orthorhombicity. To present a unified explanation for these features, we analyze the multi-orbital Hubbard-Holstein model with Fe-ion optical phonons based on the orbital fluctuation theory. In the random-phase approximation (RPA), a small electron-phonon coupling constant (λ~0.2) is enough to produce large orbital (charge quadrupole) fluctuations. The most divergent susceptibility is the Oxz-antiferroquadrupole (AFQ) susceptibility, which causes s-wave superconductivity without sign reversal (s++-wave state). At the same time, divergent development of Ox2-y2-ferroquadrupole (FQ) susceptibility is brought about by the "two-orbiton process" with respect to the AFQ fluctuations, which is absent in the RPA. The derived FQ fluctuations cause the softening of the C66 shear modulus, and its long-range order not only triggers the orthorhombic structure transition, but also induces the instability of the stripe-type antiferromagnetic state. In other words, the condensation of composite bosons made of two orbitons gives rise to the FQ order and structure transition. Therefore, the theoretically predicted multi-orbital criticality presents a unified explanation for the above-mentioned features of iron pnictide superconductors.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 25 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics