Optimization of gasoline compression ignition combustion with ozone addition and two-stage direct-injection at middle loads

Yoshimitsu Kobashi, Tu Dan Dan Da, Ryuya Inagaki, Gen Shibata, Hideyuki Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Ozone (O3) was introduced into the intake air to control the ignition in a gasoline compression ignition (GCI) engine. An early fuel injection at −68 °CA ATDC was adopted to mix the fuel with the reactive O-radicals decomposed from the O3, before the reduction of the O-radicals due to their recombination would take place. The second injection was implemented near top dead center to optimize the profile of the heat release rate. The engine experiments were performed around the indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) of 0.67 MPa with a primary reference fuel, octane number 90 (PRF90), maintaining the 15% intake oxygen concentration with the EGR. The quantity of the first injection, the second injection timing as well as the ozone concentration were changed as experimental parameters. The results showed that the GCI operation with the ozone addition makes it possible to reduce the maximum pressure rise rate while attaining high thermal efficiency, compared to that without the ozone. Appropriate combinations of the ozone concentration and the first injection quantity achieve low smoke and NOx emissions. Further, the ozone-assisted GCI operation was compared with conventional diesel operation. The results showed that the indicated thermal efficiency of the ozone-assisted GCI combustion is slightly lower than that of the conventional diesel combustion, but that GCI assisted with ozone is highly advantageous to the smoke and NOx emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-242
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Engine Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • exhaust emissions
  • Gasoline compression ignition engine
  • ozone
  • thermal efficiency
  • two-stage injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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