Optimal technique for microvascular anastomosis of very small vessels: Comparative study of three techniques in a rat superficial inferior epigastric arterial flap model

Shimpei Miyamoto, Minoru Sakuraba, Takayuki Asano, Sunao Tsuchiya, Yusuke Hamamoto, Satoshi Onoda, Yuji Tomori, Yoshichika Yasunaga, Kiyonori Harii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The anastomosis of very small vessels (external diameter: ≤0.5 mm) is challenging and requires high microsurgical skill. This study aims to investigate the optimal technique for the anastomosis of very small vessels. We compared three anastomotic techniques on the basis of success rate and anastomosis time in a superficial inferior epigastric arterial flap model in rats. Methods: Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups of 15 rats. The superficial inferior epigastric artery flap was elevated, and only the artery was cut and anastomosed under magnification. The anastomosis was performed with the conventional technique, with the intravascular stenting technique or with the open guide suture technique. Flap survival was assessed on postoperative day 5, and the success rates of the groups were compared. In addition, the time required for anastomosis was compared between the groups. Results: All flaps survived, and success rates did not differ significantly between the groups. The average anastomosis times with the conventional technique (770.0 s) and the intravascular stenting technique (822.8 s) did not differ significantly but were significantly greater than that with the open guide suture technique (699.2 s). Conclusion: The open guide suture technique simplifies anastomosis and can be recommended as a new standard technique for the anastomosis of very small vessels. Furthermore, the benefit of the intravascular stenting technique is minimal for either skilled or unskilled microsurgeons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1196-1201
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Intravascular stenting technique
  • Open guide suture technique
  • Superfical inferior epigastric arterial flap
  • Supermicrosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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