Optimal production policy of a build-to-order manufacturing system with reverse-logistics through analysis using open queueing network theory

Masao Kinoshita, Ippei Nakase, Ikuo Arizono, Yasuhiko Takemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In today's business environment, we are faced with some problems from the viewpoint of ecology; one important problem being the reuse of used products. Used products are generally collected and stored as reusable resources. The remanufacturing production system meets the demand by remanufacturing products utilizing reusable resources in addition to the production of new products. In this case, the flow of reusable resources is called reverse-logistics in contrast to the flow of demand. Naturally, the optimal production policy of the remanufacturing production system with reverse-logistics should be considered. In this article, we formulate a build-to-order remanufacturing production system using the open queueing network theory. The production cost, penalty cost for the delay of due date, and holding cost of used products collected as reusable resources are evaluated using the open queueing network theory. Then, the optimal production policy for manufacturing and remanufacturing using the build-to-order remanufacturing production system is investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Japan Industrial Management Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 31 2007
Externally publishedYes



  • GI/G/1 queueing system
  • Open queueing network
  • Reusable
  • Reverselogistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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