Objectives: There are various treatment strategies for chronic-type B aortic dissection involving the aortic arch. Our aim was to review our surgical experience in the anterolateral thoracotomy with the partial sternotomy approach for chronic-type B aortic dissection involving the aortic arch. Methods: From January 2000 to October 2015, 39 patients underwent the single-stage open surgery for chronic-type B aortic dissection involving the aortic arch using the anterolateral thoracotomy with partial sternotomy approach. Results: Among the 39 patients, 32 were men (82.1%; mean age at surgery, 61.3 ± 11.9 years), with a mean dissecting aortic aneurysm diameter of 50.21 ± 12.20 mm; 28 patients (71.8%) had patent false lumens of the descending aorta. The median interval from dissection occurrence until surgery was 34.05 ± 52.34 months. Twenty-one patients underwent descending aortic replacement plus total aortic arch replacement and 18 underwent descending aortic replacement (plus partial aortic arch replacement). Overall in-hospital mortality and postoperative stroke rates were 5.1% (2 patients) and 10.3% (4 patients), respectively. Survival rates at 1, 3 and 5 years were 94.7%, 94.7% and 90.2%, respectively. Aortic event-free rates at 1, 3 and 5 years were 90.9%, 90.9% and 80.2%, respectively. Conclusions: The anterolateral thoracotomy with partial sternotomy approach is a useful surgical procedure with acceptable outcomes for chronic-type B aortic dissection cases involving the aortic arch, when aortic remodelling using thoracic endovascular aortic repair cannot be performed.
- Anterolateral thoracotomy with partial sternotomy
- Chronic-type B aortic dissection involving the aortic arch
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine