The cage occupancy of hydrogen clathrate hydrate has been examined by grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations for wide ranges of temperature and pressure. The simulations are carried out with a fixed number of water molecules and a fixed chemical potential of the guest species so that hydrogen molecules can be created or annihilated in the clathrate. Two types of the GCMC simulations are performed; in one the volume of the clathrate is fixed and in the other it is allowed to adjust itself under a preset pressure so as to take account of compression by a hydrostatic pressure and expansion due to multiple cage occupancy. It is found that the smaller cage in structure II is practically incapable of accommodating more than a single guest molecule even at pressures as high as 500 MPa, which agrees with the recent experimental investigations. The larger cage is found to encapsulate at most 4 hydrogen molecules, but its occupancy is dependent significantly on the pressure of hydrogen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry