Omenn syndrome (OS) is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by the presence of activated/oligoclonal T cells, eosinophilia, and the absence of circulating B cells. OS patients carry leaky mutations of recombination activating genes (RAG1 or RAG2) resulting in partial V(D)J recombination activity, whereas null mutations cause severe combined immunodeficiency with absence of mature T and B cells (T-B- SCID). Here we describe somatic mosaicism due to multiple second-site mutations in a patient with RAG1 deficiency. We found that he is homozygous for a single base deletion in the RAG1 gene, which results in frameshift and likely abrogates the protein function. However, the patient showed typical OS features. Molecular analysis revealed that several second-site mutations, all of which restored the RAG1 reading frame and resulted in missense mutations, were demonstrated in his T cells. These findings suggest that his revertant T-cell mosaicism is responsible for OS phenotype switched from T-B- SCID.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology