Okadaic acid induces apoptosis through double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase/eukaryotic initiation factor-2α pathway in human osteoblastic MG63 cells

Hiroyuki Morimoto, Hirohiko Okamura, Kaya Yoshida, Seiichiro Kitamura, Tatsuji Haneji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is a participant in the cellular antiviral response and phosphorylates the α-subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF-2α) to block protein synthesis. Treatment of human osteosarcoma cell line MG63 cells with a serine and threonine protein phosphatase inhibitor, okadaic acid, at the concentration of 100 nM, but not at 20 nM, induced apoptosis. To investigate the functional relationship between phosphatases and apoptosis, we examined the phosphorylation levels of PKR and eIF-2α by Western blot analysis. During treatment of cells with it at the higher concentration (100 nM), okadaic acid increased the level of phosphorylated PKR in MG63 cells, this kinase phosphorylating eIF-2α. However, at the lower concentration (20 nM), okadaic acid did not affect the level of phosphorylated PKR. In the cells treated with 100 nM okadaic acid, activation of NF-κB also occurred. Even though inhibition of translation occurred simultaneously in MG63 cells, the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins Fas and Bax was not affected by 100 nM okadaic acid in these cells. We concluded that the inhibition of translation decreased anti-apoptotic protein expression, thus resulting in apoptosis. Our results also suggest that the inhibition of the protein phosphatase activity by okadaic acid induced apoptosis in MG63 cells through PKR and eIF-2α.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-438
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume136
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Okadaic acid
  • PKR
  • Protein phosphatase
  • eIF-2α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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