Purpose. We developed a synchronized, arterial-flow, ensuring system to perform coronary anastomoses safely without any ischemia-related event. Description. Arterial blood is removed from the femoral artery. The resulting blood passes a switching valve and is pumped out to a syringe pump. This pump controller provides pulsatile arterial blood flow synchronized with the diastolic phase on an electrocardiogram. The arterial blood is perfused to the coronary artery through a fine flexible cannula during anastomosis. Evaluation. From February 1999, 524 consecutive patients were operated on using the synchronized arterial flow ensuring system. Mean duration for each anastomosis was 7.6 ± 3.3 minutes (range, 4 to 20 min). There were no intraoperative fatal arrhythmias, ventricular arrhythmias, or short-run or hemodynamic deterioration during anastomoses. No hospital death was observed, and postoperative myocardial infarction occurred in 2 patients (0.4%). Postoperative angiography showed a 98.1% patency rate. Conclusions. The early clinical and angiographical results for off-pump CABG with the synchronized arterial flow ensuring system were excellent without mortality. We believe that off-pump CABG can be more safely performed using the synchronized arterial flow ensuring system based on our favorable results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine