Observing Supernova Neutrino Light Curves with Super-Kamiokande. II. Impact of the Nuclear Equation of State

Ken'Ichiro Nakazato, Fumi Nakanishi, Masayuki Harada, Yusuke Koshio, Yudai Suwa, Kohsuke Sumiyoshi, Akira Harada, Masamitsu Mori, Roger A. Wendell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The late-time evolution of the neutrino event rate from supernovae is evaluated for Super-Kamiokande using simulated results of proto-neutron star (PNS) cooling. In the present work, we extend the result of Suwa et al., who studied the dependence of the neutrino event rate on the PNS mass, but focus on the impact of the nuclear equation of state (EOS). We find that the neutrino event rate depends on both the high-density and low-density EOS, where the former determines the radius of the PNS and the latter affects its surface temperature. Based on the present evaluation of the neutrino event rate, we propose a new analysis method to extract the time variability of the neutrino average energy taking into account the statistical error in the observation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number98
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume925
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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