Observations and modelling of algal growth on a snowpack in north-western Greenland

Yukihiko Onuma, Nozomu Takeuchi, Sota Tanaka, Naoko Nagatsuka, Masashi Niwano, Teruo Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Snow algal bloom is a common phenomenon on melting snowpacks in polar and alpine regions and can substantially increase snow melt rates due to the effect of albedo reduction on the snow surface. In order to reproduce algal growth on the snow surface using a numerical model, temporal changes in snow algal abundance were investigated on the Qaanaaq Glacier in north-western Greenland from June to August 2014. Snow algae first appeared at the study sites in late June, which was approximately 94ĝ€h after air temperatures exceeded the melting point. Algal abundance increased exponentially after this appearance, but the increasing rate became slow after late July, and finally reached 3.5ĝ€ × ĝ€107ĝ€cellsĝ€mĝ'2 in early August. We applied a logistic model to the algal growth curve and found that the algae could be reproduced with an initial cell concentration of 6.9ĝ€ × ĝ€102ĝ€cellsĝ€mĝ'2, a growth rate of 0.42ĝ€dĝ'1, and a carrying capacity of 3.5ĝ€ × ĝ€107ĝ€cellsĝ€mĝ'2 on this glacier. This model has the potential to simulate algal blooms from meteorological data sets and to evaluate their impact on the melting of seasonal snowpacks and glaciers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2147-2158
Number of pages12
JournalCryosphere
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 27 2018

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snowpack
snow
modeling
glacier
melting
algal bloom
alga
growth curve
carrying capacity
albedo
logistics
air temperature
melt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Observations and modelling of algal growth on a snowpack in north-western Greenland. / Onuma, Yukihiko; Takeuchi, Nozomu; Tanaka, Sota; Nagatsuka, Naoko; Niwano, Masashi; Aoki, Teruo.

In: Cryosphere, Vol. 12, No. 6, 27.06.2018, p. 2147-2158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Onuma, Y, Takeuchi, N, Tanaka, S, Nagatsuka, N, Niwano, M & Aoki, T 2018, 'Observations and modelling of algal growth on a snowpack in north-western Greenland', Cryosphere, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 2147-2158. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-2147-2018
Onuma, Yukihiko ; Takeuchi, Nozomu ; Tanaka, Sota ; Nagatsuka, Naoko ; Niwano, Masashi ; Aoki, Teruo. / Observations and modelling of algal growth on a snowpack in north-western Greenland. In: Cryosphere. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 2147-2158.
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