Nuclear resonant scattering experiment with fast time response: Photonuclear excitation of Hg 201

A. Yoshimi, H. Hara, T. Hiraki, Y. Kasamatsu, S. Kitao, Y. Kobayashi, K. Konashi, R. Masuda, T. Masuda, Y. Miyamoto, K. Okai, S. Okubo, R. Ozaki, N. Sasao, O. Sato, M. Seto, T. Schumm, Y. Shigekawa, S. Stellmer, K. SuzukiS. Uetake, M. Watanabe, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Yasuda, Y. Yoda, K. Yoshimura, M. Yoshimura

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Abstract

Nuclear resonant excitation and detection of its decay signal for the 26.27-keV level of Hg201 is demonstrated with high-brilliance synchrotron radiation (SR) and a fast x-ray detector system. This SR-based photonuclear excitation scheme, known as nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) in the field of materials science, is also useful for investigating nuclear properties, such as the half-lives and radiative widths of excited nuclear levels. To date, because of the limited time response of the x-ray detector, the nuclear levels to which this method could be applied have been limited to the one whose half-lives are longer than ∼1 ns. The faster time response of the NRS measurement makes possible NRS experiments on nuclear levels with much shorter half-lives. We have fabricated an x-ray detector system that has a time resolution of 56 ps and a shorter tail function than that reported previously. With the implemented detector system, the NRS signal of the 26.27-keV state of Hg201 could be clearly discriminated from the electronic scattering signal at an elapsed time of 1 ns after the SR pulse. The half-life of the state was determined as 629 ± 18 ps, which has better precision by a factor of three compared with that reported to date obtained from nuclear decay spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024607
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 8 2018

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time response
x ray detectors
half life
scattering
synchrotron radiation
excitation
decay
materials science
detectors
pulses
electronics
spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Nuclear resonant scattering experiment with fast time response : Photonuclear excitation of Hg 201. / Yoshimi, A.; Hara, H.; Hiraki, T.; Kasamatsu, Y.; Kitao, S.; Kobayashi, Y.; Konashi, K.; Masuda, R.; Masuda, T.; Miyamoto, Y.; Okai, K.; Okubo, S.; Ozaki, R.; Sasao, N.; Sato, O.; Seto, M.; Schumm, T.; Shigekawa, Y.; Stellmer, S.; Suzuki, K.; Uetake, S.; Watanabe, M.; Yamaguchi, A.; Yasuda, Y.; Yoda, Y.; Yoshimura, K.; Yoshimura, M.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 97, No. 2, 024607, 08.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoshimi, A, Hara, H, Hiraki, T, Kasamatsu, Y, Kitao, S, Kobayashi, Y, Konashi, K, Masuda, R, Masuda, T, Miyamoto, Y, Okai, K, Okubo, S, Ozaki, R, Sasao, N, Sato, O, Seto, M, Schumm, T, Shigekawa, Y, Stellmer, S, Suzuki, K, Uetake, S, Watanabe, M, Yamaguchi, A, Yasuda, Y, Yoda, Y, Yoshimura, K & Yoshimura, M 2018, 'Nuclear resonant scattering experiment with fast time response: Photonuclear excitation of Hg 201', Physical Review C, vol. 97, no. 2, 024607. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024607
Yoshimi, A. ; Hara, H. ; Hiraki, T. ; Kasamatsu, Y. ; Kitao, S. ; Kobayashi, Y. ; Konashi, K. ; Masuda, R. ; Masuda, T. ; Miyamoto, Y. ; Okai, K. ; Okubo, S. ; Ozaki, R. ; Sasao, N. ; Sato, O. ; Seto, M. ; Schumm, T. ; Shigekawa, Y. ; Stellmer, S. ; Suzuki, K. ; Uetake, S. ; Watanabe, M. ; Yamaguchi, A. ; Yasuda, Y. ; Yoda, Y. ; Yoshimura, K. ; Yoshimura, M. / Nuclear resonant scattering experiment with fast time response : Photonuclear excitation of Hg 201. In: Physical Review C. 2018 ; Vol. 97, No. 2.
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AU - Yoshimi, A.

AU - Hara, H.

AU - Hiraki, T.

AU - Kasamatsu, Y.

AU - Kitao, S.

AU - Kobayashi, Y.

AU - Konashi, K.

AU - Masuda, R.

AU - Masuda, T.

AU - Miyamoto, Y.

AU - Okai, K.

AU - Okubo, S.

AU - Ozaki, R.

AU - Sasao, N.

AU - Sato, O.

AU - Seto, M.

AU - Schumm, T.

AU - Shigekawa, Y.

AU - Stellmer, S.

AU - Suzuki, K.

AU - Uetake, S.

AU - Watanabe, M.

AU - Yamaguchi, A.

AU - Yasuda, Y.

AU - Yoda, Y.

AU - Yoshimura, K.

AU - Yoshimura, M.

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N2 - Nuclear resonant excitation and detection of its decay signal for the 26.27-keV level of Hg201 is demonstrated with high-brilliance synchrotron radiation (SR) and a fast x-ray detector system. This SR-based photonuclear excitation scheme, known as nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) in the field of materials science, is also useful for investigating nuclear properties, such as the half-lives and radiative widths of excited nuclear levels. To date, because of the limited time response of the x-ray detector, the nuclear levels to which this method could be applied have been limited to the one whose half-lives are longer than ∼1 ns. The faster time response of the NRS measurement makes possible NRS experiments on nuclear levels with much shorter half-lives. We have fabricated an x-ray detector system that has a time resolution of 56 ps and a shorter tail function than that reported previously. With the implemented detector system, the NRS signal of the 26.27-keV state of Hg201 could be clearly discriminated from the electronic scattering signal at an elapsed time of 1 ns after the SR pulse. The half-life of the state was determined as 629 ± 18 ps, which has better precision by a factor of three compared with that reported to date obtained from nuclear decay spectroscopy.

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