NPPC/NPR2 signaling is essential for oocyte meiotic arrest and cumulus oophorus formation during follicular development in the mouse ovary

Chiyo Kiyosu, Takehito Tsuji, Kaoru Yamada, Shimpei Kajita, Tetsuo Kunieda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Natriuretic peptide type C (NPPC) and its high affinity receptor, natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (NPR2), have been assumed to be involved in female reproduction and have recently been shown to play an essential role in maintaining meiotic arrest of oocytes. However, the overall role of NPPC/NPR2 signaling in female reproduction and ovarian function is still less clear. Here we report the defects observed in oocytes and follicles of mice homozygous for Nppclbab or Npr2cn, mutant alleles of Nppc or Npr2 respectively to clarify the exact consequences of lack of NPPC/NPR2 signaling in female reproductive systems. We found that: i) Npr2cn/Npr2 cn female mice ovulated a comparable number of oocytes as normal mice but never produced a litter; ii) all ovulated oocytes of Npr2 cn/Npr2cn and Nppclbab/Nppclbab mice exhibited abnormalities, such as fragmented or degenerated ooplasm and never developed to the two-cell stage after fertilization; iii) histological examination of the ovaries of Npr2cn/Npr2cn and Nppc lbab/Nppclbab mice showed that oocytes in antral follicles prematurely resumed meiosis and that immediately before ovulation, oocytes showed disorganized chromosomes or fragmented ooplasm; and iv) ovulated oocytes and oocytes in the periovulatory follicles of the mutant mice were devoid of cumulus cells. These findings demonstrate that NPPC/NPR2 signaling is essential for oocyte meiotic arrest and cumulus oophorus formation, which affects female fertility through the production of oocytes with developmental capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalReproduction
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

Natriuretic Peptides
Oocytes
Ovary
Reproduction
atrial natriuretic factor receptor C
C-Type Natriuretic Peptide
Cumulus Cells
Peptide Receptors
Meiosis
Ovulation
Fertilization
Fertility
Chromosomes
Alleles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

NPPC/NPR2 signaling is essential for oocyte meiotic arrest and cumulus oophorus formation during follicular development in the mouse ovary. / Kiyosu, Chiyo; Tsuji, Takehito; Yamada, Kaoru; Kajita, Shimpei; Kunieda, Tetsuo.

In: Reproduction, Vol. 144, No. 2, 08.2012, p. 187-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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