The photosynthetic water oxidation reaction in photosystem II (PSII) causes the ejection of four protons (H+) and electrons from the substrate water bound to the Mn4CaO5 cluster, denoting the catalytic center of the system. Two Cl− ions, Cl1 and Cl2 sites, were found in the vicinity of the Mn4CaO5 moiety. Herein, a novel H+ transfer mechanism (amide H+ exchange-driven scheme) was identified to operate in the Cl2 pathway based on the hybrid ab initio quantum mechanics (QM) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of PSII. The analysis revealed that H+ can be displaced across the peptide bond of the D1-His337 and D1-Asn338 backbones, interrupting the hydrogen bond network spanning to the lumenal side in the crystal structure. The estimated energy barrier was consistent with the previous kinetic data. This is the first report to address unidirectional H+ transfer through a peptide bond based on the theoretical analysis involving the environmental protein structure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)