Novel comb-shaped PEG modification enhances the osteoclastic inhibitory effect and bone delivery of osteoprotegerin after intravenous administration in ovariectomized rats

Yoshihiro Miyaji, Yuji Kasuya, Yoshitake Furuta, Atsushi Kurihara, Masayuki Takahashi, Ken Ichi Ogawara, Takashi Izumi, Osamu Okazaki, Kazutaka Higaki

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Purpose: Recombinant osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been proven to be useful for treating various bone disorders such as osteoporosis. To improve its in vivo pharmacological effect, OPG was conjugated to novel comb-shaped co-polymers of polyethylene glycol (PEG) allylmethylether and maleamic acid (poly(PEG), 5 kDa). Biodistribution and bioactivity were evaluated. Methods: OPG was conjugated via lysine to poly(PEG) and to linear PEG (0.5 kDa and 5 kDa). Poly(PEG)-OPG was compared with linear PEG0.5k-OPG and PEG5k-OPG in terms of in vitro and in vivo efficacy and bone distribution. Results: The in vitro receptor binding study showed that poly(PEG)-OPG could be the most bioactive among the three PEG-OPG derivatives. Pharmacokinetic studies in ovariectomized (OVX) rats showed that serum half-life and AUC of poly(PEG)-OPG were comparable with those of linear PEG-OPG derivatives. For in vivo pharmacological effect, poly(PEG)-OPG showed the strongest inhibitory effect on bone resorption activity in OVX rats. Poly(PEG)-OPG demonstrated enhanced bone marrow distribution with higher selectivity than linear PEG5k-OPG. Conclusion: Poly(PEG) modification could provide longer residence time in serum and higher bone-marrow specific delivery of OPG, leading to a higher in vivo pharmacological effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3143-3155
Number of pages13
JournalPharmaceutical research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012



  • PEGylation
  • accelerator mass spectrometry
  • bone marrow distribution
  • drug delivery
  • osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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