Synopsis The effects of chlorpromazine (CPZ) and estradiol benzoate (EB) on serum prolactin (PRL) levels were studied in gonadectomized male and female rats. In both sexes CPZ (25 mg/kg body weight) produced an elevation of PRL when measured 2 hr after the injection, but the elevated levels were higher in ovariectomized rats than in orchidectomized rats. These results reconfirm a sexual difference in the regulatory mechanism of PRL secretion in response to the dopamine receptor blocker. Pretreatment with 5 µg EB 48 hr before CPZ injection abolished this sexual difference in serum PRL concentration.
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