When the Norwood procedure is conducted for the hypoplastic left heart syndrome using a non-valved right ventricle (RV) to pulmonary artery (PA) shunt, diastolic regurgitation from PA to RV may have an adverse effect on postoperative hemodynamics. In this study, we examined the impact of the diastolic regurgitation on ventricular energetics by computational analysis using a combination of a time-varying elastance chamber model and a modified three-element Windkessel vascular model. This study revealed that use of the valved or non-valved RV-PA shunt eliminated pulmonary over-circulation which was observed when using the systemic to pulmonary artery shunt (modified Blalock-Taussig shunt). Although the valved RV-PA shunt improved pulmonary blood supply and consequently increased pulmonary artery flow and oxygen saturation compared to the non-valved RV-PA shunt, the non-valved RV-PA shunt improved ventricular energetics in spite of the presence of PA to RV regurgitation.
- Computational model
- Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
- Norwood procedure
- Right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt
- Ventricular energetics
ASJC Scopus subject areas