Non-transgenic genome modifications in a hemimetabolous insect using zinc-finger and TAL effector nucleases

Takahito Watanabe, Hiroshi Ochiai, Tetsushi Sakuma, Hadley W. Horch, Naoya Hamaguchi, Taro Nakamura, Tetsuya Bando, Hideyo Ohuchi, Takashi Yamamoto, Sumihare Noji, Taro Mito

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Abstract

Hemimetabolous, or incompletely metamorphosing, insects are phylogenetically relatively basal and comprise many pests. However, the absence of a sophisticated genetic model system, or targeted gene-manipulation system, has limited research on hemimetabolous species. Here we use zinc-finger nuclease and transcription activator-like effector nuclease technologies to produce genetic knockouts in the hemimetabolous insect Gryllus bimaculatus. Following the microinjection of mRNAs encoding zinc-finger nucleases or transcription activator-like effector nucleases into cricket embryos, targeting of a transgene or endogenous gene results in sequence-specific mutations. Up to 48% of founder animals transmit disrupted gene alleles after zinc-finger nucleases microinjection compared with 17% after microinjection of transcription activator-like effector nucleases. Heterozygous offspring is selected using mutation detection assays that use a Surveyor (Cel-I) nuclease, and subsequent sibling crosses create homozygous knockout crickets. This approach is independent from a mutant phenotype or the genetic tractability of the organism of interest and can potentially be applied to manage insect pests using a non-transgenic strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1017
JournalNature communications
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 17 2012
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Watanabe, T., Ochiai, H., Sakuma, T., Horch, H. W., Hamaguchi, N., Nakamura, T., Bando, T., Ohuchi, H., Yamamoto, T., Noji, S., & Mito, T. (2012). Non-transgenic genome modifications in a hemimetabolous insect using zinc-finger and TAL effector nucleases. Nature communications, 3, [1017]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2020