Nodal superconducting gap in LiFeP revealed by NMR: Contrast with LiFeAs

A. F. Fang, R. Zhou, H. Tukada, J. Yang, Z. Deng, X. C. Wang, C. Q. Jin, Guo Qing Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Identifying the uniqueness of FeP-based superconductors may shed new lights on the mechanism of superconductivity in iron-pnictides. Here, we report nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies on LiFeP and LiFeAs which have the same crystal structure but different pnictogen atoms. The NMR spectrum is sensitive to inhomogeneous magnetic fields in the vortex state and can provide the information on the superconducting pairing symmetry through the temperature dependence of London penetration depth λ L. We find that λ L saturates below T ∼ 0.2 T c in LiFeAs, where T c is the superconducting transition temperature, indicating nodeless superconducting gaps. Furthermore, by using a two-gaps model, we simulate the temperature dependence of λ L and obtain the superconducting gaps of LiFeAs, as Δ 1 = 1.2 k B T c and Δ2 = 2.8 k B T c, in agreement with previous result from spin-lattice relaxation. For LiFeP, in contrast, λ L does not show any saturation down to T ∼ 0.03 T c, indicating nodes in the superconducting gap function. Finally, we demonstrate that strong spin fluctuations with diffusive characteristics exist in LiFeP, as in some cuprate high temperature superconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number047403
JournalChinese Physics B
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • iron-based superconductor
  • nuclear magnetic resonance
  • spin fluctuations
  • superconducting pairing symmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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