NMR and NQR studies of spin dynamics and superconductivity in High-Tc oxides

Y. Kitaoka, K. Ishida, S. Ohsugi, K. Fujiwara, Guo-Qing Zheng, K. Asayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The magnetic and superconducting properties in the high-Tc cuprates have been investigated over a wide hole doping range by63Cu,17O and205Tl NMR and NQR in the lightly-doped La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO), the heavily-doped Tl2Ba2CuO6+y (TBCO) and the Zn-doped YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO7). In low doping region, the large antiferromagnetic (AF) spin correlation around the zone boundary (q=Q) causes the Curie-Weiss behavior of63(1/T1T) associated with that of the staggered susceptibility χO(T) in LSCO. In the vicinity of the hole content where Tc has a peak, the AF spin correlation still survives, although the magnetic coherence length ξM is considerably short being presumably (ξM/a) ∼ 1. The further doping destroys progressively the AF spin correlation, which is no longer present is non-superconducting TBCO compounds. These NMR evidences signify that there is an intimate relation between the presence of the AF spin correlation and the onset of the superconductivity. The local collapse of AF spin correlation is a primary cause for the unexpected strong reduction of Tc in case of the substitution of Zn impurities into the CuO2 plane. The superconducting properties clarified by NMR experiments cannot be accounted for by the conventional BCS model or other isotropic s-wave models. A d-wave model is applicable in interpreting consistently most of the NMR results, if the finite density of states at the Fermi level is taken into consideration and is associated with the pair breaking effect. There are increasing evidences that the magnetic mechanism for the superconductivity is promising in high-Tc cuprates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-596
Number of pages48
JournalApplied Magnetic Resonance
Volume3
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1992
Externally publishedYes

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spin dynamics
superconductivity
nuclear magnetic resonance
oxides
cuprates
causes
substitutes
magnetic properties
magnetic permeability
impurities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

NMR and NQR studies of spin dynamics and superconductivity in High-Tc oxides. / Kitaoka, Y.; Ishida, K.; Ohsugi, S.; Fujiwara, K.; Zheng, Guo-Qing; Asayama, K.

In: Applied Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 3, No. 3-4, 06.1992, p. 549-596.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kitaoka, Y, Ishida, K, Ohsugi, S, Fujiwara, K, Zheng, G-Q & Asayama, K 1992, 'NMR and NQR studies of spin dynamics and superconductivity in High-Tc oxides', Applied Magnetic Resonance, vol. 3, no. 3-4, pp. 549-596. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03166283
Kitaoka, Y. ; Ishida, K. ; Ohsugi, S. ; Fujiwara, K. ; Zheng, Guo-Qing ; Asayama, K. / NMR and NQR studies of spin dynamics and superconductivity in High-Tc oxides. In: Applied Magnetic Resonance. 1992 ; Vol. 3, No. 3-4. pp. 549-596.
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