Nitrogen dioxide and acute respiratory tract infections in children in Indonesia

Made Ayu Hitapretiwi Suryadhi, Kawuli Abudureyimu, Saori Kashima, Takashi Yorifuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The associations between air pollution (NO2 and SO2) and health in 4931 Indonesian children aged 0–3 years. Participants provincial-levels of NO2 and SO2 were assigned and the associations with low birth weight, infant death, neonatal death, and acute respiratory infection (ARI) were evaluated. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using a generalized estimating equations logistic regression model. NO2 exposure increased the risk for ARI. An interquartile range increased in mean NO2 exposure increased the risk for ARI by 18% (OR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.08–1.28), and was supported by quartile exposure category. SO2 was not linked with the examined child health outcomes. NO2 exposure increased the risk for respiratory infections in early childhood in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Environmental and Occupational Health
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 3 2020

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory infection
  • infant death
  • low birth weight (LBW)
  • neonatal death
  • nitrogen dioxide
  • sulfur dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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