Nightmare and sleep paralysis among Japanese adolescents: A nationwide representative survey

Takeshi Munezawa, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Yoneatsu Osaki, Hideyuki Kanda, Tadahiro Ohtsu, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Masumi Minowa, Kenji Suzuki, Susumu Higuchi, Junichirou Mori, Takashi Ohida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to clarify the prevalence of nightmares and sleep paralysis and associated factors among Japanese adolescents. Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional sampling survey. The targets were junior and senior high schools throughout Japan. Self-reported anonymous questionnaires were sent to schools for all students to complete. Results: A total of 90,081 questionnaires were analyzed. The overall response rate was 62.6%, and the prevalence of nightmares and sleep paralysis was 35.2% and 8.3%, respectively. Multiple logistic analyses revealed that female sex, drinking alcohol, poor mental health, difficulty initiating sleep, low subjective sleep assessment, presence of excessive daytime sleepiness, and presence of sleep paralysis had higher odds ratios than others for nightmares. Male sex, poor mental health, drinking alcohol, taking a long daytime nap, early or late bedtime, difficulty initiating sleep, low subjective sleep assessment, presence of excessive daytime sleepiness, and presence of nightmares had higher odds ratios than other factors for sleep paralysis. Conclusions: This study has revealed the prevalence of nightmares and sleep paralysis among Japanese adolescents. Furthermore, the results of this study suggest that it is important to maintain regular sleep habits for preventing these symptoms. We propose that health education about regular sleep habits should be promoted among Japanese adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-64
Number of pages9
JournalSleep medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Epidemiology
  • Japan
  • Nightmare
  • Parasomnia
  • Sleep paralysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Munezawa, T., Kaneita, Y., Osaki, Y., Kanda, H., Ohtsu, T., Suzuki, H., Minowa, M., Suzuki, K., Higuchi, S., Mori, J., & Ohida, T. (2011). Nightmare and sleep paralysis among Japanese adolescents: A nationwide representative survey. Sleep medicine, 12(1), 56-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2010.04.015