New prognostic indicator for non-small-cell lung cancer, quantitation of thymidylate synthase by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

Yasushi Shintani, Mitsunori Ohta, Hirohisa Hirabayashi, Hisaichi Tanaka, Keiji Iuchi, Katsuhiro Nakagawa, Hajime Maeda, Tetsuo Kido, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Hikaru Matsudai

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Abstract

Thymidylate synthase (TS) is an enzyme that catalyzes an important DNA biosynthesis process. The gene expression of TS has not been reported in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. To clarify the correlation between TS mRNA levels and clinicopathological features of NSCLC, we examined 70 Stage I and II NSCLC patients for intra-tumoral expression of TS using TaqMan reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay and immunohistochemistry methods. We also investigated the TS promoter 28 bp polymorphism in 48 cancer tissues using PCR amplification of genomic DNA. Lung cancer tissue showed higher TS mRNA levels than normal lung tissue (Mann-Whitney U-tests; p = 0.0020). Further, TS mRNA expression was correlated with immunohistochemical TS expression (p = 0.029). We obtained 2 different DNA fragments, which indicated triple-repeat (3R) and double-repeat (2R) type alleles. Cancer tissues with the 3R/3R genotype showed significantly higher TS mRNA levels as compared to those with other genotypes (p = 0.0019). The TS genotype was also correlated with immunohistochemical TS expression (X2 test; p = 0.0079). The disease-free survival of the low TS mRNA level group was significantly better than those with high TS mRNA levels (log-rank test; p = 0.010), however, there were no significant differences found by immunohistochemical evaluation (p = 0.34) or TS genotype analysis (p = 0.11). A multivariate analysis revealed that high TS mRNA levels independently contributed to disease-free survival. The quantitation of TS mRNA levels is clinically more sensitive and useful for determining the prognosis of Stage I and II NSCLC patients than an immunohistochemical evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-795
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume104
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 10 2003

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Keywords

  • DNA polymorphism
  • Disease-free survival
  • Immunohistochemisty
  • Non-small-cell lung cancer
  • Real-time RT-PCR
  • Thymidylate synthase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Shintani, Y., Ohta, M., Hirabayashi, H., Tanaka, H., Iuchi, K., Nakagawa, K., Maeda, H., Kido, T., Miyoshi, S., & Matsudai, H. (2003). New prognostic indicator for non-small-cell lung cancer, quantitation of thymidylate synthase by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. International Journal of Cancer, 104(6), 790-795. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.11014