New-onset atrial fibrillation detected by continuous capnography monitoring: A case report

Toby N. Weingarten, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Juan Fiorda-Diaz, Sergio D. Bergese, Makiko Ariyoshi, Juraj Sprung, Albert Dahan, Frank J. Overdyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Case series Patients: Male, 75-year-old • Male, 72-year-old Final Diagnosis: Atrial fibrillation Symptoms: Apnea • atrial fibrillation Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Anesthesiology Objective: Background: Case Reports: Conclusions: Unusual clinical course Asymptomatic postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) may go undetected. As part of a multicenter observational trial designed to develop a risk prediction score for respiratory depression, the respiratory patterns of patients admitted to standard wards were continuously assessed with capnography and pulse oximetry. The monitor measured end-tidal carbon dioxide, respiratory rate, heart rate (HR), and oxyhemoglobin saturation. Two men ages 75 and 72 experienced abrupt and variable postoperative changes in HR consistent with AF with rapid ventricular response, coinciding with an abnormal breathing pattern with apneic episodes. In both cases, the changes were not detected by routine clinical monitoring. Continuous capnography identified respiratory distress in 2 patients who experienced symptoms of AF. Continuous monitoring devices can help health care providers minimize the risk of morbidity and mortality for patients at risk of respiratory depression.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere925510
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Anesthesia, General
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Capnography
  • Case Reports
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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